Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Emergency contraceptive pills


Sometimes accidents happen, condoms split, several missed pills or no contraception is used. The emergency contraceptive pill, also known as the morning after pill, offers women the ability to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. This article will focus on how emergency contraceptive pills such as Levonelle and ellaOne work, where they're available from, how they should be taken and alternatives to emergency contraceptive pills.

Where can I get it from?
In the UK, there are currently two types of emergency contraceptive pills: Levonelle and ellaOne. EllaOne is a relatively new drug and not easily available. I will focus on ellaOne later in this article. The use of Levonelle is well established and is readily available from:
  • Your GP
  • Pharmacist
  • Family planning clinics
  • Accident and Emergency
Levonelle is free when obtained from your GP, using an NHS prescription and from family planning clinics. Certain pharmacists are able to provide the emergency contraceptive without a doctor's prescription, however a charge of £26 is levied. Accident and Emergency departments should only be used as a last resort.
How does it work?
Levonelle is a progesterone based hormone (a female sex hormone). We still don't know for certain the exact mechanism of how it works. The general consensus is that it inhibits ovulation (release of an egg from the ovaries); however, it may also prevent fertilization (fusing of sperm and egg) and possibly implantation. The emergency contraceptive pill does not cause an abortion. Technically speaking, an abortion can only occur once a fertilized egg has implanted it self into the lining of the womb.
Levonelle is extremely effective when taken correctly and has been shown to reduce the risk of pregnancy down to 1%.
How do I take it?
Levonelle is not suitable for everyone; it is contraindicated in the following cases:
  • Prophyria (a very rare condition)
  • Severe liver disease
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • May not be suitable in conditions such as Crohn's disease
Time is crucial when it comes to taking Levonelle. It must be consumed within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Ideally, it should be taken within 12 hours after unprotected intercourse. As time elapses after unprotected intercourse the effectiveness of the drug decreases significantly:
  • Levonelle taken 0-24 hours after unprotected sex - 95% effective
  • Levonelle taken 25-48 hours after unprotected sex - 85% effective
  • Levonelle taken 49-72 hours after unprotected sex - 58% effective
Levonelle is well tolerated by most women, however some women may experience nausea and vomiting. If you vomit with in 2-3 hours of taking Levonelle then another dose must be taken. Other common side effects include headache, dizziness and breast tenderness. Less common side effects can include irregular spotting and bleeding. After taking Levonelle, if you suffer with an early or delayed withdrawal bleed, or your period is on time but is abnormally heavy, then an ectopic (implantation as occurred, but not in the womb) pregnancy must be excluded, and it is advisable to see your doctor as soon as possible.
Alternatives to Levonelle
If the time elapsed after unprotected intercourse is greater than 72 hours, or if Levonelle was not tolerated, then alternative emergency contraception must be considered to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. There are currently two options:
  • EllaOne
  • Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device
EllaOne (ulipristal)
EllaOne is a new emergency contraceptive which was given a license last year. Small trials including women from the UK, USA and Ireland have shown ellaOne to be effective at preventing unwanted pregnancy even after the 72 hour limit normally advised for Levonelle. This means the drug could be taken up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected intercourse.
EllaOne is a prescription only medication. It will not be available over the counter until more is known about its long term safety profile.
The Intrauterine Emergency Contraceptive Device
The Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device, also known as the emergency IUD, is a small copper device that is inserted into the uterus (womb) via the vagina. It has the benefit of being effective up to five days after unprotected intercourse and can continue to be used as a regular contraceptive. The disadvantage is that it must be fitted, which would normally take place at a family planning clinic.
Long Term Contraception
Studies examining the emergency contraceptive found that many women went on to become pregnant in the next cycle, as they continued to have unprotected intercourse. This indicates the importance of considering long term, or continued contraception.
After taking Levonelle or ellaOne, it is wise to discuss continued contraception with your doctor or family planning clinic. Suitable methods for long term contraception may include:
  • Combined oral contraceptive
  • Progesterone only pill
  • Progesterone injection (taken every 3 months)
  • Contraceptive implant (inserted into the skin of the arm and lasts 3 years)
Sexually Transmitted Infections
It is important to point out that having unprotected intercourse not only exposes you to the risk of an unwanted pregnancy, but also to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which are presently on the increase. You may not wish to get pregnant now, however chronic infections with bacteria, such as Chlamydia, can lead to infertility later in life as well as chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. Additionally, through unprotected intercourse with multiple partners, women can expose themselves to multiple strains of the Human papilloma virus, which increases the risk of cervical cancer. Please remember to use condoms. Keep well informed and read our article on STIs.
Emergency contraceptive pills are kind of the pills which help to avoid pregnancies which could arise because of not using the protection. These are the various pills which are considered as the most effective for the women. These are the medicines which have been the most essential and effective for the women as these avoid the unwanted pregnancies within no time. This pill has to be taken within 72 hours of the intercourse. These emergency pills have proven to be very effective for the people in the long run.
Emergency contraceptive pills are the ones which are used by the people all around the globe. These pills are one of the most effective ways of reducing the pregnancies. One can take the full enjoyment of these within no time. These are the various pills which are very efficient in getting the various things done for the people in no time. These are suitable for the women of all ages and have no side effects but if one should take it according to the prescription given as per by the doctor.
Emergency contraceptive pills are of various brands but this i-pill among them is the most popular and trusted brand. This brand is considered as the most availed brand in the emergency conceptive pills market. These pills should be availed within 3 days this is the main things which is to be kept in mind while taking these pills and overdose is also not helpful as it can cause various complications. These are available on all the various medical stores as these are not so expensive in use. This medicine is available at affordable prices and can be availed anytime and from anywhere.
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Emergency contraceptive pills

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